The Inexplicable

There are very few written records from the point of view of the Saxons as their emphasis was on personal experience. So my first explanation for the rune rock inscription was that it probably dates to the time after Charlemagne when it became clear that the Catholic Church would suppress all knowledge of the old ways.  It could have been carved so that knowledge of how the site had been used would not be entirely lost.  And I became very attached to my explanation of the date and meaning. It seemed to me that as long as the site was in active use, there would have been no reason to write anything down.

The uproar over the Nazi use of the Externsteine brought the controversial history of the Rune inscription to my attention again.  I was vaguely aware that there was very little agreement on when the runes were carved and even less on what they said. An effort to interpret the inscription as the Christian Lord’s Prayer was laughed off by scholars, as it appeared to be pre-Christian, or nearly two thousand years old.  The argument against the pre-Christian dating is simply that there is no official record of it before 1992.


2003 Rune Rock as I first saw it.

When I returned to the Rune Stone in 2012, nearly a decade after my first visit, several of the runes were different from the runes of the 2003 inscription. This was disturbing because  while the stones have survived erosion and were spared by  glaciers during the Ice ages, they are a brittle and friable stone with a dark patina. I have a photo of a recently carved rune on a rock in a fire circle on the other side of the lake from the main stones at the Externsteine.. My interest in the carving is the rough edges and light color of the lines and the chipping away of the original patina of the rock face, as that is what one would expect to see on any recent man-made changes in the rune inscription on the Rune Stone.


Shattered edges and lack of patina are clearly visible on this recent rune carving on an Externsteine stone seat near the rune rock site.

To my distress, the edges of the runes that changed between 2003 and 2012 are indistinguishable from the originals and the surface of the entire rock has an even patina of age from the base of the rock to the top. It seems unlikely that it would be possible for someone to repeatedly replicate the patina and aging of the original lines so exactly on newly carved lines of the inscription. It is even more unlikely that older lines could be erased without a trace.And while the inscription is on the steep face of the stones, it is also only a few feet from the path in a public park visited by thousands of people each year.

2012 runerock

We had to dampen the rock to get enough contrast to photograph. Note the difference between first rune on the far upper left and the same position in 2003. The shape is much more complex, but the patina is identical to the rest of the rock and there are no signs of chipping or rough edges.

Because I was not aware of any photograph from 1992, and because it had not occurred me that the rock inscriptions were changing, I had not pursued the 1992 inscription. I don’ t know of any existing photos but when I saw a sketch of it, my stomach sank. The rune inscription from 1992 is different from the photos I have of the Rune Inscription in 2003, which are different from the 2012 photo. I began to understand why the scholars do not agree on the age of the inscription, never mind its meaning.  The Rune Inscription changes and I don’t know of a mundane explanation for these changes.


The lowest rune shape of the second column from the left is clearly different from the rune shape in that position in 2003 AND from the rune shape of 2012. Yet the stone patina is identical to the rest of the rock face in both photos.

There are indigenous prophecies that say in this time of earth changes, the stones themselves will begin to speak to human beings once again. I don’ t know that any of them thought that meant there would be a gigantic northern European etch-a-sketch, chatting away. I certainly had no intention of being part of the conversation. To my chagrin, I realized it is too late. People know about the stone, the changes, and my reading of the runes.

Standing at a nexus point where the mundane and mythological meet is bad enough when it is a private event. Finding myself the focal point of a global, contentious, and demanding audience at the same time is unexpected and daunting. I am continuing with writing about my idiosyncratic personal journey through my visionary genealogy. If my story resonates with any one else, that is great, and I can certainly understand if it doesn’t.

click for a beginning or for chapter five


2 thoughts on “The Inexplicable

  1. Hi from Germany! I’d like to write a few lines to your article about the rune engravings at the Externsteine.

    The rune shapes must have been changed by some visitors, I think. I visited the Externsteine 2 weeks ago (June 2017) and beside the rune stone with the many runes I found the big stone with the rune “hagall”. On the photo you made of this stone it looks like there were fresh added damages to this stone in shape of the rune “hagall”.

    Today this rune “hagall” looks as if it was very, very old. It has the same patina as the other rune stone, although it has been encarved only a few years ago. So I think the same must have happened to the other runes.

    It needs about 4 to 5 years to create the same patina as on the rest of the stones.

    You see, there is no “speaking of the stones” or similar. But it’s a shame how visitors maltreat these holy stones. By the way: The runes on the big stone today are retraced with white charcoal. You see, there are enough curious people to climb behind this stone and see its secrets.

    What a luck you have a book with the original engraving form.

    • I’d love to see a photo. Have the ragged edges on the hagall carving worn away as well? And, yes now many people know of the rune carvings. Just as you noticed the white markings, I suspect someone would notice any chipping, carving, or changes in the patina. If any one does have documentation of any changes, I would love to see photos.

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